Be alert to the six symptoms of anemia
Anemia is not a new term. For women who “have blood loss” once a month, anemia is a phenomenon that occurs when you are not paying attention.
Among the many pale women, do you know which type of anemia symptoms you belong to?
1, malnutrition anemia malnutrition anemia mainly refers to severe iron deficiency in the body, followed by vitamin B2 caused by anemia.
Causes: Many women over-controlled diet, do not dare to eat meat, eggs and milk, and even eat less vegetable oil, long-term vegetarian, radish and other vegetarian food, resulting in anemia.
Symptoms: In addition to dizziness, tinnitus, vertigo, burnout, dry hair and other symptoms of general anemia, or accompanied by loss of appetite, diarrhea, mouth sores, glossitis.
The main complications of malnutrition anemia are adjustment of nutritional structure and scientific eating.
Breakfast can get enough high-quality protein, such as soy milk, eggs, milk, etc.; Chinese food can take a wide range of nutrients from the intake; eat less pregnant food and sweets to prevent indigestion and obesity.
Seaweed heads, carrots, citrus, tomatoes, etc. should eat more, leading to enteritis, ulcer disease should be actively treated to improve systemic nutritional status.
2, iron deficiency anemia iron deficiency anemia refers to the lack of stored iron in the body, affecting a small cell hypochromic anemia caused by hemoglobin synthesis.
It is the most common form of anemia in the world, including hypertension.
The incidence of this disease is very high, almost all over the world.
Cause: Iron is an important trace element of hematopoiesis, and iron deficiency in sedimentation is the primary cause of anemia.
In addition, hookworm infection, gastrointestinal malabsorption, stomach and duodenal ulcer bleeding, hemorrhoids bleeding and women with menorrhagia, adolescent functional uterine bleeding caused by iron deficiency anemia.
Symptoms: Similar to the symptoms of malnutrition anemia, which can be identified by testing trace elements in the hair.
Attack: Treatment of iron deficiency anemia with ferrous sulfate or 10% ferric ammonium citrate 5?
20 ml, 3 times a day.
At the same time, you need to take vitamin C100-200 mg three times a day to promote iron absorption.
After the symptoms of anemia disappear, it is necessary to continue taking the medicine for 1-2 months in order to consolidate the curative effect.
3, blood loss anemia blood loss is the most common cause of anemia, can be divided into acute and chronic two.
Chronic blood loss often causes iron deficiency anemia; due to trauma or disease process caused by rupture of blood vessels or defects in hemostasis, a large amount of blood loss in a short period of time causes anemia called acute hemorrhagic anemia.
Etiology: severe functional uterine bleeding (blood collapse); ectopic pregnancy, placenta previa or various obstetric and gynecological hemorrhage during childbirth; severe bleeding in sexual intercourse; large hemoptysis of bronchiectasis or lung tumor; lower esophagus caused by ulcer disease or liver diseaseVaricose veins of variceal bleeding; various surgical trauma and bleeding during surgery.
Symptom: If the amount of bleeding reaches 1500?
2000 ml (about 40% of the total blood volume), once the patient is healthy before the bleeding, bed rest after bleeding, still can not help but have thirst, nausea, shortness of breath, extreme dizziness and even a short loss.
Due to the redistribution of blood circulation, the patient’s hands and feet are cold, pale, and the amount of urine is reduced.
Blood pressure, cardiac output and central venous pressure are reduced, the pulse is fast and weak, and symptoms of shock appear gradually, such as irritability, difficulty breathing, pulse breakdown, cold skin, nausea and vomiting, and finally coma.
Attack: Hemostasis and blood transfusion should be injected for the cause of bleeding, and then the primary disease should be treated.
Important treatments are rapid conversion of whole blood, plasma, dextran and saline to supplement blood volume and rescue shock.
Patients with a history of chronic bleeding or whose original iron storage has been supplemented or even supplemented, oral iron is administered 1-2 months after the cessation of bleeding to promote red blood cell production and supplement iron storage.
4. Aplastic anemia Aplastic anemia is anemia caused by diabetic hematopoietic function or failure (occurrence disorder).
Causes: related to exposure to certain harmful substances and taking certain drugs, such as benzene, acetic acid, iodine, chloramphenicol and radiation.
Some organic diseases such as tuberculosis, liver and kidney disease, leukemia, etc., can often be complicated by aplastic anemia.
Symptoms: In addition to the general anemia symptoms, this type of anemia often has subcutaneous or mucosal bleeding, as well as chills and fever.
Intravenous injection: The treatment of aplastic anemia is mainly based on Chinese herbal medicine and plasma pheromone. Adrenal cortex hormone and blood transfusion can also be used.
If the curative effect is not good, the drugs may be replaced with phenylpropionate, lithium carbonate, cobalt oxide, etc. to stimulate hematopoietic function, which has certain effects on some patients.
If it is still ineffective, consider doing splenectomy and gradually continue conservative treatment.
Preventing aplastic anemia should be carried out on a regular physical examination. If there is a change in the condition, please consult a doctor early. Do not repeat the anti-inflammatory drugs and promptly treat chronic diseases such as liver and kidney disease and tuberculosis.
5, hemolytic anemia hemolytic anemia refers to the type of anemia that occurs when red blood cell destruction is accelerated and bone marrow hematopoietic function is insufficient.
Etiology: According to the reason of shortening the life span of red blood cells, it can be divided into hemolytic anemia caused by internal defects of red blood cells, causes: 1 defects of erythrocyte membrane; 2 defects of hemoglobin structure or production; 3 defects of erythrocyte enzyme;Hemolytic anemia, the cause: usually acquired, red blood cells can be subjected to chemical, mechanical or physical factors, biological and immunological factors to cause hemolysis.Hemolysis can be in the blood vessels or outside the blood vessels.
Symptoms: The clinical manifestations of hemolytic anemia are related to the urgency, degree and location of hemolysis.
Acute hemolysis: rapid onset, sudden cold war, high fever, pale, back pain, shortness of breath, fatigue, irritability, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain and other gastrointestinal symptoms.
Chronic hemolysis: slow onset, in addition to fatigue, pale, shortness of breath, dizziness and other common anemia common symptoms, signs, can have varying degrees of yellow spleen, spleen, hepatomegaly, gallstones for ischemia see concurrentSymptoms, tuberculous yellow ulcers can occur.
The skin of the lower extremity fracture has ulcers and is not easy to heal. It is common in patients with sickle cell anemia.
Attack: Etiology treatment: It is extremely important to remove the cause and cause.
Such as cold-type antibody autoimmune hemolytic anemia should pay attention to cold and warm; patients with faba bean disease should avoid eating broad beans and drugs with oxidizing properties; drug-induced hemolysis should be discontinued immediately; hemolysis caused by infection should be actively anti-infective treatmentSecondary to other diseases, to actively treat the primary disease.
6, physiological anemia due to the increase in normal human blood volume, the anemia caused by blood replacement is called physiological anemia.
Cause: Physiological anemia is most common in women during pregnancy.
This is because during pregnancy, due to the need to supply protein, the maternal blood volume will increase by about 35% compared with normal, in which the plasma increase is more than the increase of red blood cells, the plasma is increased by about 1000 ml, and the red blood cells are increased by about 500 ml.Blood is diluted.
Symptoms: palpitations, shortness of breath, lack of concentration and bloating, etc., severe heart failure can occur.
Anemia pregnant women are also prone to a disease called pregnancy-induced hypertension syndrome, which may also lead to prolonged labor and postpartum hemorrhage when a baby is born.
Disease: Physiological anemia is mainly improved by food.
Ensure adequate heat intrusion.
Only when the energy is sufficient can the various nutrients including the iron inside be fully absorbed and utilized.
Eat enough animal food.
Animal foods contain excess iron and high quality protein.
When we choose food, we no longer have to look at its iron content, but also the iron absorption rate in food.
Animal foods contain heme iron, and its absorption rate far exceeds that of non-heme iron in plant foods. The absorption rate of heme iron is about 20%, which is about 10 times that of plant food.
In addition, oxalic acid, phytic acid, phosphoric acid and a large amount of doped fiber contained in plant foods may also affect iron absorption.
Therefore, despite the high content of iron in spinach, although it is black, it is not as easy to absorb as iron in lean meat and liver.
Choose foods that contain more vitamin C.
Such as fresh vegetables, fruits, etc., vitamin C has the role of promoting iron absorption, should be there every day.
There should be animal internal organs such as liver, kidney, heart, etc. every week.
Animals often eat blood products such as pig blood, chicken blood, duck blood and so on.
But pay attention to hygiene.